Acropolis Athens - Greece

On the way up to the Acropolis you have a fantastic view of Odeon of Herodes Atticus. It was built in 161 AD in the Roman architectural style and up to now it is used regularly as a venue for concerts and theater performances. Right next is the most important theatre of the ancient Athens, the Theatre of Dionysus, considered as birthplace of the drama in the antiquity. The new Acropolis Museum was built just behind. 



Before entering the real platform of the Acropolis you have to pass the Propylaea, a pillared entrance, which has never been completed due to the outbreak of the Peloponnesian War.  Behind the Propylaea the view opens up to the Parthenon, the temple of the virgin patron of Athens  - the goddess Pallas Athene. It was built as debt of gratitude for the victory after the last Persian war almost 2500 years ago. Presumably it was also used as a treasure house.


An extensive restoration campaign tries to conserve the remains of the Acropolis, suffering from the explosion of an ammunition depot of the Ottomans, the aggressive air of the city and the collecting mania of tourists and archaeologists. Thereby one collects important knowledge how the Greek could set up such a perfect architectural and sculptural monument in the short time of eight years.


Not only the proportions were perfectly chosen, usually in the ratio 4:9, but also visual distortions were taken into account. Both the lateral and vertical lines and the pillars have such a large radius, that even today the radius causes stonemasons difficulties. The columns reduce themselves perspectively to the top with a radius of 0.93 miles.


East of the Acropolis is the Olympeion - the Temple of Zeus, one of the largest temple in Greece – and behind the Panathenaic Stadium built on the foundations of the ancient stadium.From Syntagma Square with the Parliament building, the eye wanders across the roof tops of the Plaka, Athens' historic center, to the agora - the Roman marketplace - up to the Areopagus, a hill were the council of elders of the city was held during antiquity.


Next to the Parthenon, on the plateau of the Acropolis, you see the Temple of Athena Nike. The temple, used by the Ottomans as a powder magazine was rebuilt three times and is famous for its reliefs and friezes.